You can use any one of the following command to change user passwords upon the first login:
- usermod command – Modify various user account properties including user password expiry information.
- chage command – Change user password expiry information
Task: Use chage command to force users to chage their password upon first login
Use the following syntax: chage -d 0 <user-name>
chage -d 0 bubba
- -d 0 : Set the number of days since January 1st, 1970 when the password was last changed. The date may also be expressed in the format YYYY-MM-DD. By setting it to zero, you are going to force user to change password upon first login.