Loading

Wednesday, December 31, 2008

Ctl+ Key Combinations

  • Alt+Ctrl+C - Copyright symbol
  • Alt+Ctrl+Period - An ellipsis
  • Alt+Ctrl+R - Registered trademark symbol
  • Alt+Ctrl+T - Trademark symbol
  • Ctrl+B - Bold text
  • Ctrl+E - Centers a paragraph
  • Ctrl+Enter - Inserts a page break
  • Ctrl+F - Opens the Find menu
  • Ctrl+H - Opens the Replace menu
  • Ctrl+I - Italics text
  • Ctrl+N - Creates a new document
  • Ctrl+P - Prints a document
  • Ctrl+Shift+F - Changes the font
  • Ctrl+Shift+P - Changes the font size
  • Ctrl+U - Underline text
  • Ctrl+W - Closes a document
  • Ctrl+Y - Redo the last action

Tuesday, December 23, 2008

Run Backtrack 3 in Windows with VMWare


This is a tutorial on how to run Backtrack 3 in windows using VMWare workstation.

Monday, December 22, 2008

Amazon "EC2" Elastic Compute Cloud

Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (also known as "EC2") allows users to rent computers on which to run their own computer applications. EC2 allows scalable deployment of applications by providing a web service through which a user can boot an Amazon Machine Image to create a virtual machine instance containing any software desired.

A user can create, launch, and terminate server instances as needed, paying by the hour for active servers, hence the term "elastic". EC2 provides users with control over the geographical location of instances which allows for latency optimization and high levels of redundancy. For example, to minimize downtime, a user can set up server instances in multiple zones which are insulated from each other for most causes of failure such that one backs up the other.

Amazon.com provides EC2 as one of several web services marketed under the Amazon Web Services (AWS) brand.

Sunday, December 21, 2008

Recovery Console Commands

A number of commands are available within Recovery Console, some of them exclusive to the tool.

Here is a complete list of Recovery Console commands:
  • Attrib - The attrib command is used to change the attributes of a single file or a directory.
  • Batch - The batch command can be used to run a series of other Recovery Console commands located in a text file that you specify.
  • Bootcfg - The bootcfg command is used to build or modify the boot.ini file, a hidden file that is used to identify in what folder, on which partition, and on which hard drive Windows is located.
  • Chdir - The chdir command is used to display the drive letter and folder that you are currently in. Chdir can also be used to change the drive and/or directory that you want to work in.
  • Chkdsk - The chkdsk command, often referred to as "check disk", is used to identify, and often times correct, certain hard drive errors.
  • Cls - The cls command clears the screen of all previously entered commands and other text.
  • Copy - The copy command does simply that - it copies a single file from one location to another.
  • Delete - The delete command is used to delete a single file.
  • Dir - The dir command is used to display a list of files and folders contained inside the folder that you are currently working in. The dir command also displays other important information like the hard drive's serial number, the total number of files listed, their combined size, the total amount of free space left on the drive, and more.
  • Disable - The disable command is used to disable a system service or a device driver.
  • Diskpart - The diskpart command is used to create or delete partitions on hard drives.
  • Enable - The enable command is used to enable a system service or a device driver.
  • Exit - The exit command ends the Recovery Console session and then restarts the computer.
  • Expand - The expand command is used to extract a single file or a group of files from a compressed file.
  • Fixboot - The fixboot command writes a new partition boot sector to the system partition that you specify.
  • Fixmbr - The fixmbr command writes a new master boot record to the hard disk drive that you specify.
  • Format - The format command is used to format a drive in the file system that you specify.
  • Help - The help command provides more detailed information on any of the other Recovery Console commands.
  • Listsvc - The listsvc command will list the services and drivers available in your Windows installation.
  • Logon - The logon command is used to gain access to the Windows installation that you specify.
  • Map - The map command is used to display the partition and hard drive that each drive letter on the computer is currently assigned to.
  • Mkdir - The mkdir command is used to create a new folder.
  • More - The more command is used to display the information contained in a text file. The more command performs the same function as the type command.
  • Net use - The net use command is not available in Recovery Console, even though it is listed in the "Help" system as an available command. In other areas of Windows, the net use command is used to assign a drive letter to a shared network resource.
  • Rename - The rename command is used to change the name of the individual file that you specify.
  • Rmdir - The rmdir command is used to delete an existing and completely empty folder.
  • Set - The set command is used to enable or disable certain options in Recovery Console.
  • Systemroot - The systemroot command is used to set the %systemroot% environment variable as the current folder you are working in.
  • Type - The type command is used to display the information contained in a text file. The type command performs the same function as the more command.

Saturday, December 20, 2008

INTERNET LINKING LAW

Internet links may create legal liability. Despite the Internet’s initial “free linking” ethos, links can be unlawful when they are designed to confuse viewers, to evade court orders or clear statutory prohibition, or to promote illegal conduct by others. But most linking is lawful, even where the linked site claims the right to authorize and control links. Linking law, which began with the Shetland Times headline-linking case in Scotland in late 1996, now includes several United States precedents as well as a developing worldwide body of opinions on various subjects.

As new linking claims are asserted, and as new linking techniques are created, courts are being challenged to carefully analyze the practical, technological and business circumstances surrounding the claims, and to fashion sound legal principles. This Article comprehensively reviews linking claims and potential claims, including cases of direct linking, deep linking, metatags, keyword purchases, inlining, framing, and de-rivative liability. It analyzes the legal theories asserted, suggests defenses and strategies for combating linking claims, and concludes with recom-mendations for link-law policies.

Full document.

How to: Change the default contact list that displays in your Outlook address book

  • From the Tools menu, select Address Book.
  • In the new Address Book window, from the Tools menu, select Options.
  • Under "Show this address list first:", select the appropriate listing (i.e., Personal Address Book, Global Address Book, or Outlook Address Book).
  • Click OK to save changes and exit.

Tuesday, December 16, 2008

Windows Cannot Hibernate Computer with More Than 4 GB Memory

A limitation, feature or inconvenience of Windows (XP, Server 2003, Windows Vista, or Windows Server 2008) is that it cannot hibernate if it has more than 4 GB of RAM memory.  This is not a bug but by design, as Microsoft disables hibernation support on PC with more than 4GB physical memory because benchmark tests by Microsoft show that performance is poor on a computer that has more than 4 GB of memory with hibernation enabled, which requires as much disk space as RAM for the hibernation file, c:\hiberfil.sys.

So if you have more than 4GB of RAM installed you won't see the hibernation tab in the Power Options Properties dialog box.

More information from Microsoft - KB888575.

Monday, December 15, 2008

How to create your own YouTube Flash Video Serving site

This post at Daniel's Random Mutterings explains exactly how to create your own video hosting site allowing users to upload video, automatically convert it to FLV and make it available for anyone to view - all with open source tools. Using a Django CMS system, FFMpeg for the FLV encoding, FLVtools2 for writing meta information, and FlowPlayer for embedding the SWF file you'll have everything you need to get started.

Download the latest FFmpeg Windows Builds (ffmpeg.exe compiled for Windows).

More:

Sunday, August 31, 2008

I Got Bling Bling, You Got Bling Bling, We All Got Bling Bling

Inconspicuous Consumption
A new theory of the leisure class






















MISSED SIGNALS: The less money your peer group has, the more bling you buy—and vice-versa. (Photo credit: Frazer Harrison/Getty Images)

About seven years ago, University of Chicago economists Kerwin Kofi Charles and Erik Hurst were researching the “wealth gap” between black and white Americans when they noticed something striking. African Americans not only had less wealth than whites with similar incomes, they also had significantly more of their assets tied up in cars. The statistic fit a stereotype reinforced by countless bling-filled hip-hop videos: that African Americans spend a lot on cars, clothes, and jewelry—highly visible goods that tell the world the owner has money.

But do they really? And, if so, why?

Read full article.

Tuesday, January 1, 2008

Top Windows System Processes

Top Windows System Processes

Windows Process Information: systray.exe

Process name: Microsoft System Tray Services

systray.exe is a background process which displays information such as date and time. This program is important for the stable and secure running of your computer and should not be terminated.

Recommendation

systray.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Top Windows system processes.

Windows Process Information: system idle process

System Idle Process contains one or more kernel threads which run when no other runnable thread can be scheduled on a CPU. For example, there may be no runnable thread in the system, or all runnable threads are already running on a different CPU. In a multiprocessor system, there is one idle thread associated with each CPU.

Windows Process Information: system

Process name: Windows Memory Handler System Process

system is a process which shows up on the tasks on mainly Windows XP, Windows 2003 server and later version of Windows. This is a default system counter and cannot be removed.

Recommendation

system should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: sysocmgr.exe

Process name: System Optional Component Manager

sysocmgr.exe is a process associated with System Optional Component Manager from Microsoft.

Recommendation

sysocmgr.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: sysmon.exe

Process name: AOpen System Monitor

sysmon.exe from AOpen is a Motherboard hardware monitoring tool which comes with some AOpen motherboards. This startup process monitors CPU temp, voltage and fan speed. This program is a non-essential system process, but should not be terminated unless suspected to be causing problems.

Other instances of SYSMON.EXE:
  • sysmon.exe is a process which is registered as a trojan. This Trojan allows attackers to access your computer from remote locations, stealing passwords, Internet banking and personal data. This process is a security risk and should be removed from your system.
Warning: Multiple instances of SYSMON may be running on your pc at one time. Some of these may or may not be the legitimate versions.

Recommendation

sysmon.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: sysfader.exe

Process name: NVidia Graphics Utility

sysfader.exe is a process belonging to the NVidia Graphics device range and is bundled alongside these products. This is a non-critical system process although it should not be terminated unless suspected of causing problems.

Recommendation

sysfader.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: syntpenh.exe

Process name: Synaptics touchpad tray icon

syntpenh.exe is a process installed alongside the Synaptics touchpad for laptop computer touchpads. Provides additional configurations and support, and is essential on some machines for the functioning of this input device. This program is a non-essential system process, but should not be terminated unless suspected to be causing problems.

Recommendation
syntpenh.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: symwsc.exe

Process name: Symantec Security Center

symwsc.exe is a process belonging to Symantec Security Center. This program is important for the stable and secure running of your computer and should not be terminated.

Recommendation

symwsc.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: symsport.exe

Process name: Symantec Client Firewall Port Scanning Module

symsport.exe is a process belonging to the Sysmantec Internet Security Suite and deals with the protection of your computer against Internet bound threats such as Worms by monitoring incoming traffic. This program is important for the stable and secure running of your computer and should not be terminated.

Recommendation

symsport.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: sxgtkbar.exe

Process name: Yamaha Multiemdia

sxgtkbar.exe is installed alongside the drivers for the Yamaha SXG soundcard. This gives quick and easy access via the system tray bar to diagnostics and configuration. This program is a non-essential system process, but should not be terminated unless suspected to be causing problems.

Recommendation

sxgtkbar.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: swupdtmr.exe

Process name: Toshiba Software Update

swupdtmr.exe is a process installed on TOSHIBA computers and provides additional configuration options for these devices. This program is a non-essential process, but should not be terminated unless suspected to be causing problems.

Recommendation

swupdtmr.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: switcher.exe

Process name: Sony Wireless Switch Setting Utility

switcher.exe is a process installed alongside yourSony Wireless LAN Switch and provides additional configuration options for these devices. This program is a non-essential process, but should not be terminated unless suspected to be causing problems.

Recommendation

switcher.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: sweepsrv.sys

Process name: Sophos Anti-Virus detection system service

sweepsrv.sys is a process belonging to Sophos Anti-Virus which protects your computer against Internet-bound threats such as spyware and trojans which can be distributed through e-mail or attack directly to the computer allowing unauthorized access to your computer. This program is important for the stable and secure running of your computer and should not be terminated.

Recommendation

sweepsrv.sys should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: swdoctor.exe

Process name: Spyware Doctor

swdoctor.exe is the executable for Spyware Doctor from PC Tools. It is an anti-spyware applications and it should not be removed to ensure that your PC remains secure.

Recommendation

swdoctor.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: swagent.exe

Process name: SonicWall Internet Firewall

swagent.exe is a process belonging to the SonicWall Internet Firewall protection by Network Associates. This program is important for the stable and secure running of your computer and should not be terminated. 

Recommendation

swagent.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: support.exe

Process name: Dell Support Assistant

support.exe is a process belonging to Dell's support assistant which comes installed on Dell computers. This is a non-essential process. Disabling or enabling it is down to user preference.

Other instances of SUPPORT.EXE
  • support.exe could also be a process which belongs to the . This program is a non-essential process, but should not be terminated unless suspected to be causing problems.

Warning: Multiple instances of SUPPORT may be running on your pc at one time. Some of these may or may not be the legitimate versions.

Recommendation

support.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: stmgr.exe

Process name: Microsoft PCHealth

stmgr.exe is a process belonging to Microsoft's PCHealth utility which is bundled on Microsoft 9x and ME operating systems. This program is a non-essential process, but should not be terminated unless suspected to be causing problems.

Recommendation

stmgr.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: stinger.exe

Process name: McAfee Stinger

stinger.exe is the main executable for McAfee Stinger. Stinger is a stand-alone utility used to detect and remove specific viruses and worms. This process should not be removed to ensure that your system is secure. 

Recommendation

stinger.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: stimon.exe

Process name: Microsoft Windows 98/ME's Still Image Monitor.

stimon.exe is a process belonging to Microsoft Windows, and provides additional support for scanners, digital cameras and other video input devices. This program is a non-essential system process, but should not be terminated unless suspected to be causing problems.

Recommendation

stimon.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: stillimagemonitor

Process name: Microsoft Still Image Monitor

STIMON.EXE is a process belonging to Microsoft Windows, and provides additional support for scanners, digital cameras and other video input devices. This program is a non-essential system process, but should not be terminated unless suspected to be causing problems.

Recommendation

stillimagemonitor should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: statemgr.exe

Process name: Microsoft's PC State Manager Stub

statemgr.exe is a component of the Microsoft Windows ME Opearating System. this process monitors and verifies window's system directory integrity. If any problems are found with files StateMGR can restore settings to the last restore point. Often named stmgr.exe, this program is important for the stable and secure running of your computer and should not be terminated.

Recommendation

statemgr.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: starwindservice.exe

Process name: Alcohol 120% StarWind

starwindservice.exe is a process which belongs to Alcohol 120% and provides network drive sharing capabilities to this product. This program is a non-essential process, but should not be terminated unless suspected to be causing problems.

Recommendation

starwindservice.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: stacmon.exe

Process name: SigmaTel Audio Assistant

stacmon.exe is installed alongside for Sigmatel's range of audio hardware and provides extra diagnostics functionality for this range of products. This program is a non-essential process, but should not be terminated unless suspected to be causing problems. 

Recommendation

stacmon.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: ssonsvr.exe

Process name: Citrix MetaFrame Client

ssonsvr.exe is a part of the Citrix MetaFrame Client remote administration tool. This forms an important part in initiating a terminal service using this product and should not be deleted unless causing problems.

Recommendation

ssonsvr.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: sshd.exe

Process name: Cygwin OpenSSH Secure Shell Daemon

sshd.exe is a process belonging to the Cygwin OpenSSH Secure Shell Daemon which offers a encrypted and secure shell across the Internet. f you don't know why OpenSSH is on your system, you almost certainly do NOT want it. It is not installed by anything as default, and by its nature it can be used to bypass traditional security precautions.

Recommendation

sshd.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: ssdpsrv.exe

Process name: Windows SSDP Service

ssdpsrv.exe is installed alongside USB components usually on Windows ME. This process (Simple Service Discovery Protocol) is a subcomponent for USB. This program is important for the stable and secure running of your computer and should not be terminated.

Recommendation

ssdpsrv.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: srvload.exe

Process name: Panda Platinum Internet Security

srvload.exe is a process associated with the Panda Platinum Internet Security suite. This process should not be removed to ensure that your system is secure.

Recommendation

srvload.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: srvany.exe

Process name: Srvany

srvany.exe is an additional Microsoft Windows application which allows an executable to be run as a service. This program is a non-essential system process, but should not be terminated unless suspected to be causing problems.

Recommendation

srvany.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: sqlmangr.exe

Process name: Microsoft SQL Server Service Manager.

sqlmangr.exe is a system tray application from Microsoft which allows the user to start and stop SQL related services. This program is a non-essential system process, but should not be terminated unless suspected to be causing problems.

Recommendation

sqlmangr.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: sqlmaint.exe

Process name: SQL Server Database Maintenance Plan Wizard Executor.

sqlmaint.exe is a process associated with Microsoft SQL Server from Microsoft Corporation.

Recommendation

sqlmaint.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: spysweeper.exe

Process name: Webroot SpySweeper

spysweeper.exe is the main process belonging to Webroot SpySweeper which protects your privacy when surfing the Internet. This program is important for the stable and secure running of your computer and should not be terminated.

Recommendation

spysweeper.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: spysub.exe

Process name: SpySubtract

spysub.exe is a process associated with SpySubtract from InterMute. SpySubtract is an anti-spyware solution and should not be removed to ensure that your system stays protected.

Recommendation

spysub.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: spyeraser.exe

Process name: SpyEraser

spyeraser.exe is a process belonging to SpyEraser which protects your computer against Internet-bound threats such as spyware and trojans which can be distributed through e-mail or attack directly to the computer allowing unauthorized access to your computer. The award winning SpyEraser gives you the latest and very powerful detection and removal technologies, including Live Guard real time online protection. Sophisticated scanning technologies and threat analysis tools even detect new variants of existing threats, as well as new ones, as they evolve. This process should not be removed to ensure that your system is secure.

Recommendation

spyeraser.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: spupdsvc.exe

Process name: Update RunOnce Service

spupdsvc.exe is a process which belongs to the Microsoft Update RunOnce Service. This program is a non-essential process, but should not be terminated unless suspected to be causing problems.

Recommendation

spupdsvc.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: spuninst.exe

Process name: Windows Service Pack Uninstall

spuninst.exe is a process associated with Microsoft® Windows® Operating System from Microsoft Corporation.

Recommendation

spuninst.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: sptip.dll

Process name: Microsoft SAPI DLL

sptip.dll is a Microsoft Windows module which add functionality to the Microsoft Windows networking suite.

Recommendation

sptip.dll should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: sp_rsser.exe

Process name: Realtime Shield Service

sp_rsser.exe is a Realtime Shield Service from Crawler LLC belonging to Crawler Spyware Terminator . This is a required component for Spyware Terminator and should not be terminated.

Recommendation

sp_rsser.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: sprestrt.exe

Process name: Restores registry to restart GUI-mode part of setup

sprestrt.exe is a process associated with Microsoft® Windows® Operating System from Microsoft Corporation.

Recommendation

sprestrt.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: spoolsv.exe

Process name: Microsoft Printer Spooler Service

The spoolsv.exe file is described as the Spooler SubSystem App or Windows Print Spooler Service and is the main component of the printing interfaces. The spoolsv.exe file is initialized when the computer starts, and it runs in the background until the computer is turned off.

The process spoolsv.exe transfers the data in a buffer. If the printer needs the data, it will retrieve it from the buffer. While the spoolsv.exe file is storing the data in the buffer, the user can carry out other operations. The spoolsv.exe process is also responsible for queuing printing tasks. Through this function, the user does not need to wait for each printing task to be completed one after the other.

When a printer is in use, the Print Spooler service or the spoolsv.exe file is launched, and the process can be seen running in Windows Task Manager. In case you are not using a printer, the spoolsv.exe process can be closed through the Task Manager.

Other instances of SPOOLSV.EXE:
  • spoolsv.exe is a process registered as a backdoor vulnerability which may be installed for malicious purposes by an attacker allowing access to your computer from remote locations, stealing passwords, Internet banking and personal data. If unaccounted for, this process should be removed immediately.
Warning: Multiple instances of SPOOLSV may be running on your pc at one time. Some of these may or may not be the legitimate versions.

Recommendation
spoolsv.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: spoolss.exe

Process name: Microsoft Printer Spooler Subsystem

spoolss.exe is a process belonging to Microsoft Windows Operating System. This process deals with the printing process from disk to local printer. This program is important for the stable and secure running of your computer and should not be terminated.

Recommendation

spoolss.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: spool32.exe

Process name: Printer Spooler

spool32.exe is a part of the Microsoft Windows Operating System which deals with the spooling of Microsoft Windows print jobs. This process is only executed when this method is selected in the printers configuration properties. This program is important for the stable and secure running of your computer and should not be terminated.

Recommendation

spool32.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: spmgr.exe

Process name: Sony VAIO Power Management Module

spmgr.exe is a process installed on Sony Vaio laptops and provides additional configuration options for these devices. This program is a non-essential process, but should not be terminated unless suspected to be causing problems.

Recommendation

spmgr.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: spdwnwxp.exe

Process name: Windows XP SP installer downgrade tasks

spdwnwxp.exe is a process associated with Microsoft® Windows® Operating System from Microsoft Corporation.

Recommendation

spdwnwxp.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: spcustom.dll

Process name: Microsoft Update Custom Component Locator

spcustom.dll is a process associated with Microsoft Windows Operating System from Microsoft Corporation. This module is the Microsoft Update Custom Component Locator.

Recommendation

spcustom.dll should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: spamsubtract.exe

Process name: InterMute SpamSubtract

spamsubtract.exe is a junk email detection and removal program from InterMute which integrates with your e-mail program. This program is a non-essential process, but should not be terminated unless suspected to be causing problems.

Recommendation

spamsubtract.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: spamsub.exe

Process name: SpamSubtract Component

spamsub.exe is the main executable for SpamSubtract from InterMute. SpamSubtract is an anti-spam application protecting your inbox from unsolicited e-mails. This process should not be removed to ensure that your system is secure.

Recommendation

spamsub.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: soundtrax.exe

Process name: Ahead Nero Soundtrax

soundtrax.exe is a process belonging to Ahead Nero Soundtrax. This program is a non-essential process, but should not be terminated unless suspected to be causing problems.

Recommendation

soundtrax.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: snmptrap.exe

Process name: Microsoft SNMP Trap Service

snmptrap.exe is a process belonging to the Microsoft Windows Operating System, related to the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP). This process listens for SNMP trap messages and processes them accordingly. This program is important for the stable and secure running of your computer and should not be terminated.

Recommendation

snmptrap.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: snmp.exe

Process name: Microsoft SNMP Agent

snmp.exe is a network process which comes bundled with Microsoft Windows Operating System. This process is related with LAN (local area networking) and allows for the configuration of LAN infrastructure components. This program is important for the stable and secure running of your computer and should not be terminated.

Recommendation
snmp.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: sndvol32.exe

Process name: Microsoft Windows Volume Control

sndvol32.exe is the executable for the Microsoft Windows Volume Control process, which comes with all 32bit versions of Windows to-date. This utility allows you to change the volume of your audio channels on your computer (e.g. Main Volume, Line-in, CD-in). This is accessible by default from the system tray bar. This program is a non-essential system process, but should not be terminated unless suspected to be causing problems.

Recommendation

sndvol32.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: sndsrvc.exe

Process name: Norton AntiVirus Scan Service

sndsrvc.exe is a process belonging to the Norton Internet Security Suite which protects your computer against Internet-bound threats such as spyware and trojans which can be distributed through e-mail or attack directly to the computer allowing unauthorized access to your computer. This program is important for the stable and secure running of your computer and should not be terminated. 

Recommendation

sndsrvc.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: sndmon.exe

Process name: Symantec Security Drivers

sndmon.exe is a process associated with Norton AntiVirus application from Symantec. This process should not be removed to ensure that your system is secure. 

Recommendation

sndmon.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: smss.exe

Process name: Session Manager Subsystem

smss.exe is a process which is a part of the Microsoft Windows Operating System. It is called the Session Manager Subsystem and is responsible for handling sessions on your system. This program is important for the stable and secure running of your computer and should not be terminated.

Other instances of SMSS.EXE:
  • smss.exe is a process which is registered as a trojan. This Trojan allows attackers to access your computer from remote locations, stealing passwords, Internet banking and personal data. This process is a security risk and should be removed from your system.
Warning: Multiple instances of SMSS may be running on your pc at one time. Some of these may or may not be the legitimate versions.

Recommendation

smss.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: smlogsvc.exe

Process name: Microsoft logs and alerts service

smlogsvc.exe is a part of the Microsoft Windows Operating System, and configures the logs and alerts service.

Recommendation

smlogsvc.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: smax4.exe

Process name: SoundMAX Control Center

smax4.exe is a process belonging to the SoundMAX Control Center which is installed alongside SoundMAX audio hardware. This program is a non-essential process, but should not be terminated unless suspected to be causing problems.

Recommendation

smax4.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: smagent.exe

Process name: Analog Devices magent

smagent.exe is an audio software suite usually installed alongside SoundMAX products, and offers audio rendering facilities. This is a non-essential process. Disabling or enabling it is down to user preference. 

Recommendation

smagent.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: slsvc.exe

Process name: Software Licensing Service

slsvc.exe is a Software Licensing Service from Microsoft Corporation belonging to Microsoft® Windows® Operating System This is used to protect digital products from copyright infringement.

Recommendation

slsvc.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: slrundll.exe

Process name: Smart Link Modem Driver

slrundll.exe is installed alongside the driver for Smart Link's range of communications hardware. This should not be removed where modem and Internet connection stability are concerned, although not a critical system process.

Recommendation

slrundll.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: skytel.exe

Process name: Realtek Voice Manager

skytel.exe is a Realtek Voice Manager from Realtek Semiconductor Corp. belonging to Realtek Voice Manager This is usually associated with Realtek Audio drivers.

Recommendation

skytel.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: skeys.exe

Process name: Microsoft Serial Keys Utility

skeys.exe is a process which belongs to the Microsoft Windows Operating System and provides the Serial Keys Utility. This program is a non-essential process, but should not be terminated unless suspected to be causing problems.

Recommendation

skeys.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: siteadv.exe

Process name: SiteAdvisor Browser Plugin

siteadv.exe is a process belonging to Site Advisor which protects your computer against Internet-bound threats from websites by classifying each with a safety rating. This program is important for the stable and secure running of your computer and should not be terminated.

Recommendation

siteadv.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: sigverif.exe

Process name: File Signature Verification

sigverif.exe is a process associated with Microsoft® Windows® Operating System from Microsoft Corporation. 

Recommendation

sigverif.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: shwiconem.exe

Process name: Digital Media USB Reader Assistant

shwiconem.exe is a process installed alongside Digital Media USB Reader and provides additional configuration options for these devices. This program is a non-essential process, but should not be terminated unless suspected to be causing problems. 

Recommendation

shwiconem.ex should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: shutdown.exe

Process name: Shutdown Event Tracker

shutdown.exe is a process belonging to Microsoft Windows 2003 Server suites on onwards. It prompts your administrator for a reason for shutting down your server. This process should not be terminated, for more information about this service please visit http://support.Microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;293814

This process is also available but disabled on Windows XP.

Recommendation
shutdown.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: shotkey.exe

Process name: Chicony HOTKEY Driver

shotkey.exe is a process associated with the drivers for Chicony Keyboards. It manages the special key functions such as Internet, E-mail, Volume Control and more.

Recommendation

shotkey.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: shadow.exe

Process name: Session Remote Control Utility

shadow.exe is a process associated with Microsoft® Windows® Operating System from Microsoft Corporation. 

Recommendation

shadow.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: sgmain.exe

Process name: SpywareGuard

sgmain.exe is a part of the SpywareGuard Internet Security Utility which offers real-time protection to your surfing experience and prevents Spyware from executing on your computer. This program is important for the stable and secure running of your computer and should not be terminated.

Recommendation

sgmain.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: sgbhp.exe

Process name: SG Browser Hijacking Protection

sgbhp.exe is a part of the SpyWareGuard, Spyware Blaster Internet security tool which protects your surfing experience from personal intrusion, and in some cases, trojans. This program is important for the stable and secure running of your computer and should not be terminated.

Recommendation

sgbhp.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: setup50.exe

Process name: Outlook Express Setup Library

setup50.exe is a process belonging to Outlook Express Setup Library. It is part of Microsoft® Windows® Operating System. Disabling or enabling it is down to user preference.

Recommendation

setup50.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: seticon.exe

Process name: 6-in-1 Media Card Module

seticon.exe is a process installed alongside 6-in-1 Media Card devices and provides additional configuration options for these devices. This program is a non-essential process, but should not be terminated unless suspected to be causing problems.

Recommendation

seticon.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: sessmgr.exe

Process name: Remote Desktop Help Session Manager

sessmgr.exe is a process belonging to Microsoft's remote assistance windows plugin. This allows an end user to call for assistance when a remote assistance network service is in place. This process shouldn't be terminated if the fore-mentioned service is in place on your local area network.

Recommendation

sessmgr.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: services.exe

Process name: Windows Service Controller

services.exe is a part of the Microsoft Windows Operating System and manages the operation of starting and stopping services. This process also deals with the automatic starting of services during the computers boot-up and the stopping of services during shut-down. This program is important for the stable and secure running of your computer and should not be terminated.

Other instances of SERVICES.EXE:
  • services.exe is a process which is registered as a trojan. This Trojan allows attackers to access your computer from remote locations, stealing passwords, Internet banking and personal data. This process is a security risk and should be removed from your system.
Warning: Multiple instances of SERVICES may be running on your pc at one time. Some of these may or may not be the legitimate versions.

Recommendation

services.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: service.exe

Process name: Dell Solution Center

service.exe is a process belonging to the Dell Solution Center which offers worldwide technical support and training for it's products. This program is important for the stable and secure running of your computer and should not be terminated. This process is also installed alongside Adaptec SCSI cards, and again should not be terminated unless causing problems.

Other instances of SERVICE.EXE:
  • service.exe could also be a process which belongs to the . This program is a non-essential process, but should not be terminated unless suspected to be causing problems.
  • service.exe is a process which is registered as a trojan. This Trojan allows attackers to access your computer from remote locations, stealing passwords, Internet banking and personal data. This process is a security risk and should be removed from your system.

Warning: Multiple instances of SERVICE may be running on your pc at one time. Some of these may or may not be the legitimate versions.

Recommendation
service.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: scm.exe

Process name: Microsof Service Control Manager

scm.exe is a process belonging to Microsoft Service Control Manager which deals with services. This process can, start, stop and pause services at the users will, or through boot-up processes. This program is important for the stable and secure running of your computer and should not be terminated. 

Recommendation

scm.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: schedul2.exe

Process name: Acronis True Image Scheduler

schedul2.exe is the scheduler process for Acronis True Image. This process should not be removed to ensure that your data is protected by the Acronis True Image application.

Recommendation

schedul2.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: schedhlp.exe

Process name: Acronis True Image Component

schedhlp.exe is a part of the Acronis True Image application. It is part of the scheduler. This process should not be removed to ensure that your data stays protected.

Recommendation

schedhlp.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: sccertprop

Process name: Common DLL to receive Winlogon notifications

sccertprop is a library that contains application programming interface (API) functions to receive and handle notifications events generated by Winlogon like Logon, Logoff, Shutdown, and so forth.

Recommendation

sccertprop should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: scardsvr.exe

Process name: Microsoft Smartcard-Ressource server

scardsvr.exe is an application belonging to the Microsoft Windows Operating System, which provides the authentication facilities for smart security cards on your local system.

Recommendation
scardsvr.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: scanregw.exe

Process name: Microsoft's Registry Checker.

scanregw.exe is a process belonging to Microsoft Windows Operating System. This process checks the Windows registry every time the computer is turned on. If any major errors are found, the user is informed to load windows under the last known good configuration. This program is important for the stable and secure running of your computer and should not be terminated.

Other instances of SCANREGW.EXE:
  • scanregw.exe is a process which is registered as a trojan. This Trojan allows attackers to access your computer from remote locations, stealing passwords, Internet banking and personal data. This process is a security risk and should be removed from your system.
Warning: Multiple instances of SCANREGW may be running on your pc at one time. Some of these may or may not be the legitimate versions.

Recommendation
scanregw.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: scanpst.exe

Process name: Microsoft Personal Folders Scan/Repair Utility

scanpst.exe is a process associated with Microsoft Office Outlook from Microsoft Corporation.

Recommendation

scanpst.exe should not be disabled, required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: scanningprocess.exe

Process name: ZoneAlarm Scanner

scanningprocess.exe is a ZoneAlarm Scanner belonging to Zone Alarm 7 from CheckPoint.

Recommendation

scanningprocess.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: scandisk.exe

Process name: Microsoft Scandisk

scandisk.exe from Microsoft is a system utility which runs Scandisk on your computer, which scans the local disk drive for hardware errors. This program is important for the stable and secure running of your computer and should not be terminated.

Recommendation

scandisk.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: scan32.exe

Process name: McAfee VirusScan Enterprise

scan32.exe is a process belonging to McAfee VirusScan Enterprise which protects your computer and network from Internet-bound threats such as Trojans and spyware. This program is important for the stable and secure running of your computer and should not be terminated.

Recommendation

scan32.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: savservice.exe

Process name: Sophos Anti-Virus Module

savservice.exe is a process associated with the Sophos Anti-Virus Software. It is supplied by Sophos. Disabling this process might cause problems with your Sophos Anti-Virus software.

Recommendation

savservice.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: savscan.exe

Process name: Norton AntiVirus

savscan.exe is a process associated with the Norton AntiVirus from Symantec and provides real-time protection from Internet bourne threats such as trojans and spyware. This process should not be removed to ensure that your system is secure.

Recommendation

savscan.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: savroam.exe

Process name: Symantec AntiVirus

savroam.exe is a process belonging to Symantec's AntiVirus suite and offers roaming user support. This program is important for the stable and secure running of your computer and should not be terminated.

Recommendation

savroam.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: savedump.exe

Process name: NT Memory Dump

savedump.exe is the executable for the NT Memory Dump. This process is used to write memory to the paging file. After reboot this memory is saved in a file called memory. This program is important for the stable and secure running of your computer and should not be terminated.

Recommendation

savedump.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: savadminservice.exe

Process name: Sophos Administrator Service

savadminservice.exe is a process associated with Sophos Anti-Virus for Windows XP, 2000, 2003 from Sophos plc.

Recommendation

savadminservice.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function  properly.

Windows Process Information: sapisvr.exe

Process name: Windows Speech Recognition

sapisvr.exe is a process belonging to Windows XP. It provides speech recognition functionalities. This program is a non-essential process, but should not be terminated unless suspected to be causing problems.

Recommendation

sapisvr.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.

Windows Process Information: s3hotkey.exe

 s3hotkey.exe is a process associated with S3 Hotkey from S3 Graphics, Inc. This software is found on laptops incorporating the S3 Twister integrated graphics card and is used to switch between monitors. Disabling or enabling it is down to user preference.

Warning: Multiple instances of S3HOTKEY may be running on your pc at one time. Some of these may or may not be the legitimate versions.

Recommendation
s3hotkey.exe should not be disabled as it is required for essential applications to function properly.